Cellarius Star Map, 1660
Andreas Cellarius , born around 1596 was a German-Dutch mathematician and cosmographer who designed this map in 1660 as part of his Harmonia Cosmographica. The images are among the most artistically designed and elaborate celestial charts of any period.
Constantinople City View, 1576
The Beauty of Maps is a BBC series featuring historical maps in incredible detail.
The BBC offers viewers a nice chance to view map highlights and navigate through beautiful historical images.
See more here.
Of additional interest: Amazing Maps here .
Medieval Cosmology here.